Location

San Diego, California

Session Start Date

5-24-2010

Session End Date

5-29-2010

Abstract

Design of an on-site seismic early warning system for critical facilities, based on P-wave detection, requires knowledge of local seismicity, analysis of strong-motion records, and local geological settings. The scope of current paper is to present an efficient and reliable methodology for P-wave detection and discrimination. It is tolerant to the environmental, traffic and other types of noise at the location of the critical facility. The basic idea that is exploited in the proposed algorithm is the degree of P-wave polarization, which is obtained with Karhunen- Loève transform of the orthogonal triaxial records. A system consisting of borehole sensor array that has been designed based on these ideas is described and some preliminary results are provided. This system has been already implemented to provide earthquake early warning for a tunnel on a major highway in British Columbia, Canada.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conferences on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics

Meeting Name

Fifth Conference

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

5-24-2010

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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May 24th, 12:00 AM May 29th, 12:00 AM

Seismic P-Wave Polarization in the Context of On-Site Early Warning System

San Diego, California

Design of an on-site seismic early warning system for critical facilities, based on P-wave detection, requires knowledge of local seismicity, analysis of strong-motion records, and local geological settings. The scope of current paper is to present an efficient and reliable methodology for P-wave detection and discrimination. It is tolerant to the environmental, traffic and other types of noise at the location of the critical facility. The basic idea that is exploited in the proposed algorithm is the degree of P-wave polarization, which is obtained with Karhunen- Loève transform of the orthogonal triaxial records. A system consisting of borehole sensor array that has been designed based on these ideas is described and some preliminary results are provided. This system has been already implemented to provide earthquake early warning for a tunnel on a major highway in British Columbia, Canada.