Location

San Diego, California

Session Start Date

3-26-2001

Session End Date

3-31-2001

Abstract

Olson (2000) evaluated 33 liquefaction flow failure case histories to assess the yield strength ratio and liquefied strength ratio mobilized during the failures. Using back-analysis procedures developed by Olson (2000), yield and liquefied shear strengths are shown to be proportional to the pre-failure vertical effective stress and are related to standard and cone penetration resistances. This paper examines the triggering of liquefaction and subsequent flow failure of Lower San Fernando Dam using yield and liquefied strength ratios. The yield strength ratio is used to correctly predict the occurrence of liquefaction in the upstream hydraulic fill of the dam, and the liquefied shear strength ratio is used to correctly predict the subsequent flow failure of the upstream slope. The relationships for the yield and liquefied ratios are presented, and their application to existing or new structures is illustrated using the Lower San Fernando Dam case history.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conferences on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics

Meeting Name

Fourth Conference

Publisher

University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

3-26-2001

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2001 University of Missouri--Rolla, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Mar 26th, 12:00 AM Mar 31st, 12:00 AM

Liquefaction Analysis of Lower San Fernando Darn Using Strength Ratios

San Diego, California

Olson (2000) evaluated 33 liquefaction flow failure case histories to assess the yield strength ratio and liquefied strength ratio mobilized during the failures. Using back-analysis procedures developed by Olson (2000), yield and liquefied shear strengths are shown to be proportional to the pre-failure vertical effective stress and are related to standard and cone penetration resistances. This paper examines the triggering of liquefaction and subsequent flow failure of Lower San Fernando Dam using yield and liquefied strength ratios. The yield strength ratio is used to correctly predict the occurrence of liquefaction in the upstream hydraulic fill of the dam, and the liquefied shear strength ratio is used to correctly predict the subsequent flow failure of the upstream slope. The relationships for the yield and liquefied ratios are presented, and their application to existing or new structures is illustrated using the Lower San Fernando Dam case history.