Location

New York, New York

Session Start Date

4-13-2004

Session End Date

4-17-2004

Keywords and Phrases

Displacement, Bridge abutment, Earthquake

Abstract

Bridge abutments may experience significant displacements during earthquakes. A two-dimensional model has been developed considering sliding and overturning displacement and 1) strain dependent soil stiffness and soil damping and 2) horizontal and vertical time dependent seismic load. The displacements are computed from the static equilibrium position where the seismic backfill force increments are considered for determining the active earth force acting behind the abutment wall. This means that the permanent displacement increment occurred if the acceleration acts towards the backfill and the abutment wall moves away from the backfill. The total displacement at the top of bridge abutment is calculated by adding the sliding and overturning displacements. An application of this model is presented, for a real abutment.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering

Meeting Name

Fifth Conference

Publisher

University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

4-13-2004

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2004 University of Missouri--Rolla, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Apr 13th, 12:00 AM Apr 17th, 12:00 AM

Displacement of Bridge Abutment Under Earthquake Loading

New York, New York

Bridge abutments may experience significant displacements during earthquakes. A two-dimensional model has been developed considering sliding and overturning displacement and 1) strain dependent soil stiffness and soil damping and 2) horizontal and vertical time dependent seismic load. The displacements are computed from the static equilibrium position where the seismic backfill force increments are considered for determining the active earth force acting behind the abutment wall. This means that the permanent displacement increment occurred if the acceleration acts towards the backfill and the abutment wall moves away from the backfill. The total displacement at the top of bridge abutment is calculated by adding the sliding and overturning displacements. An application of this model is presented, for a real abutment.