The central issue with which this paper deals is the effectiveness of alternative air pollution control standards presently in use in the United States. More specifically, an analysis and comparison of effluent air standards versus ambient air standards will be performed. The question of effectiveness will be in the context of how well the alternative pollution control measures achieve society's expectations as goals when the standards are imposed. Society's views are assumed to be reflected through a regional (state) planner. The analysis is performed through the use of optimal control techniques. Initially the effluent air standards model will be examined. Next, the ambient air standard model will be analyzed. Finally, a summary and conclusion section will be presented.
In general the results suggest that there is a possibility that the optimal path may explode or fall toward zero. In some cases, finite amounts of pollution may occur as equilibria. In any case, the imposition of either type of pollution constraint will effectively reduce the level of social pollution and in some cases the pollution will naturally fall to zero under the constraint. It is also suggested that selective antipollution laws will not, in general, aid in attempts to clean the air.
Reed, J. David and Hoag, John H., "Attainability and Nonattainability Under Anti-Pollution Laws" (1977). UMR-MEC Conference on Energy / UMR-DNR Conference on Energy. 316, pp. 504-511.
4th Annual UMR-DNR Conference on Energy (1977: Oct. 11-13, Rolla, MO)
Article - Conference proceedings
Energy Economics Pricing Strategies
© 1977 University of Missouri--Rolla, All rights reserved.
13 Oct 1977