All known data on the energy distribution of secondary electrons from collisions of protons with atoms and molecules have been reviewed and differential cross sections have been collected. The two experimental methods used to obtain the data are discussed and possible sources of error pointed out. Theoretical treatments are reviewed and several methods of checking the consistency of the data are discussed. Two semiempirical models have been chosen to represent the differential cross sections, and parameters for these models are given which fit the average of the experimental data, subject to known constraints. Recommended values of differential cross sections are given for ten target gases by means of these models.
M. E. Rudd et al., "Electron Production in Proton Collisions with Atoms and Molecules: Energy Distributions," Reviews of Modern Physics, vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 441-490, American Physical Society (APS), Apr 1992.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1103/RevModPhys.64.441
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© 1992 American Physical Society (APS), All rights reserved.
01 Apr 1992