We derive an order-parameter field theory for a quantum phase transition between a disordered metal and an exotic (non- s -wave) superconductor. Mode coupling effects between the order parameter and other fermionic soft modes lead to an effective long-range interaction between the anomalous density fluctuations which is reflected in singularities in the free energy functional. However, this long-range interaction is not strong enough to suppress disorder fluctuations. The asymptotic critical region is characterized by run-away flow to large disorder. For weak coupling, this asymptotic region is very narrow. It is preempted by a wide crossover regime with mean-field critical behavior and, in the p -wave case, logarithmic corrections to scaling in all dimensions.
R. Sknepnek et al., "Order-Parameter Symmetry and Mode-Coupling Effects at Dirty Superconducting Quantum Phase Transitions," Physical Review B, American Physical Society (APS), Jan 2004.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.70.104514
Keywords and Phrases
Article; Correlation Analysis; Energy; Flow; Low Temperature; Molecular Interaction; Phase Transition; Quantum Mechanics; Theory; Superconductors
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 2004 American Physical Society (APS), All rights reserved.
01 Jan 2004