Evolution of London Penetration Depth with Scattering in Single Crystals of Ba₁₋ₓNaₓFe₂As₂
London penetration depth, λ(T), was measured in single crystals ofK1-xNaxFe2As2, x = 0 and 0.07, down to temperatures of 50 mK, ~ Tc/50. Isovalent substitution of Na for K significantly increases impurity scattering, with ρ(Tc) rising from 0.2 to 2.2 µΩ cm, and leads to a suppression of Tc from 3.5 to 2.8 K. At the same time, a close to T-linear Δλ(T) in pure samples changes to almost T2 in the substituted samples. The behavior never becomes exponential as expected for the accidental nodes, as opposed to T2 dependence in superconductors with symmetry imposed line nodes. The superfluid density in the full temperature range follows a simple clean and dirty d-wave dependence, for pure and substituted samples, respectively. This result contradicts suggestions of multiband scenarios with strongly different gap structure on four sheets of the Fermi surface.
H. Kim et al., "Evolution of London Penetration Depth with Scattering in Single Crystals of Ba₁₋ₓNaₓFe₂As₂," Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, vol. 89, no. 17, article no. 174519, American Physical Society (APS), May 2014.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.89.174519
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30 May 2014