A Neural Network Approach for Force and Contour Error Control in Multi-Dimensional End Milling Operations


The problem of controlling the average resultant cutting force together with the contour error in multi-dimensional end milling operations is considered in this study. Two sets of neural networks are used in the control system. The first set is used to specify the feed rate to maintain a desired cutting force. This feed rate is resolved along the feed axes using a parametric interpolation algorithm so that the desired part shape is obtained. The second set is used to make corrections to the feed rate components specified by the parametric interpolation algorithm to minimize the contour error caused by the dynamic lag of the closed-loop servo systems controlling the feed drives. In addition, the control system includes a feedforward input to compensate for static friction effects. Experimental results are presented for machining two-dimensional circular slots and a three-dimensional spherical surface to show the validity of the proposed approach.


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Second Department

Computer Science


Missouri. Department of Economic Development
National Science Foundation (U.S.)

Keywords and Phrases

Contour Error; End Milling; Force Control; Neural Network Controller; Algorithms; Closed loop control systems; Cutting; Error correction; Force control; Interpolation; Neural networks; Cutting force; Milling (machining)

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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© 1998 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Oct 1998