The polarization singularities are directly generated by using plasmonic metasurfaces with the geometric phase profiles designed to form the Poincaré beams. Different morphologies of polarization topological structures of lemon, star, monstar, spiral, dipole and quadrupole are created by the superpositions of Laguerre-Gauss modes with different orders under orthogonal circular or linear polarization basis. The polarization ellipse patterns and topological features of the produced optical vector fields are analyzed to reveal the properties of the polarization singularities of C-points and L-lines, and the orbital angular momentum states are also measured. The demonstrated polarization singularities generated from the geometric metasurfaces will promise many potential applications related to optical polarization imaging, metrology, optical trapping and quantum information processing.


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Intelligent Systems Center

Second Research Center/Lab

Center for Research in Energy and Environment (CREE)


The authors acknowledge support from the National Science Foundation under Grant No. ECCS-1653032 and DMR-1552871, and the Office of Naval Research under Grant No. N00014-16-1-2408. The authors thank the support from the Intelligent Systems Center and the Materials Research Center at Missouri S&T.

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Article - Journal

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© 2019 The Authors, All rights reserved.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Publication Date

01 Dec 2019

PubMed ID