Hierarchical Optimal Force-Position Control of Complex Manufacturing Processes


Kugi, A.


A hierarchical optimal controller is developed in this paper to regulate the machining force and axis positions, simultaneously, in a micro end milling process. The process is divided into two levels of decision making. The bottom level includes the measurable states, which in this work comprises the axis positions. The top level includes the higher order objectives, which can be derived from the bottom level objectives by an aggregation relationship. In this work, the top level's objective is to regulate the machining force. A series of simulations were conducted in which the weighting between the top and the bottom level objectives is adjusted within the feasible range. The results demonstrated that excellent tracking of both axis positions and machining force are achieved during the steady state regardless of the weighting. However, the transient performance of the system could be systematically shaped to achieve better performance of either objective. For the purpose of comparison a decentralized optimal controller was constructed and simulated for the feasible range of controller weights. When the axis position errors were weighted heavily, both controllers were able to regulate the axis errors well, while the hierarchical controller had smaller machining force errors. When the machining force errors were weighted heavily, although the machining force error decreased for the decentralized controller the axis position errors increased significantly. However, with heavy machining force weighting, the hierarchical controller was able to manipulate the axial errors in a way that while the machining force error was reduced, the contour error (i.e., smallest deviation from the tool tip to the desired contour) remained small.


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Hierarchical Control; Optimal Control; Internal Model Principle

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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© 2012 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2012