Damage Detection in Composite Laminates with Built-In Piezoelectric Devices Using Modal Analysis and Neural Network


The effect of prescribed delamination on natural frequencies of laminated composite beam specimens is examined both experimentally and theoretically. Delamination in composite laminate is of particular interest because they can cause catastrophic failure of the composite structure. One consequence of delamination in a composite structure is a change in its stiffness. This change in stiffness will degrade the modal frequencies of the composite structure. Modal testing of perfect beam and beams with different size of delamination is conducted using PVDF sensors and piezoceramic patch with sine sweep actuation. Model testing of beams is also conducted using PVDF sensors and instrumented hammer excitation. The results of instrumented hammer excitation and piezoceramic patch excitation are discussed. The experimental modal frequencies are compared with the results obtained using a simplified beam theory. Also, backpropagation neural network models are developed using the results from the simplified beam theory and used to predict delamination size. The effect of learning rate and momentum rate on neural network performance are discussed. Modal frequencies can be easily and accurately obtained with piezoceramic patch excitation and PVDF sensing. There is good agreement between modal frequencies from modal testing and those from the simplified beam theory. The developed neural network models successfully predict delamination size. Prediction errors varied from 0.25% to 19%.

Meeting Name

Smart Structures and Materials 1995: Smart Sensing, Processing, and Instrumentation


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Composites; Damage Detection; Modal Analysis; Neural Networks; Ferroelectric Polymers; Sensors

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version


File Type





© 1995 SPIE -- The International Society for Optical Engineering, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Apr 1995