Effect of Chemically Reactive Enamel Coating on Bonding Strength at Steel/Mortar Interface


In this study, 84 mortar cylinders, each with one steel rod embedded at its center, were tested in tension to characterize the bonding strength at the steel/mortar interface. The effects of different enamel coatings on the steel rods and the mortar curing time were investigated. The bond strength between a smooth steel rod and mortar can be increased by as much as seven times when the rod is coated with a mixture of 50% (by weight) enamel and 50% calcium silicate (CS) particles. This increase in bond strength is due to the increased surface roughness of the coating and chemical bonding of the embedded CS particles to the surrounding mortar. Uncoated smooth and roughened steel rods and rods coated with pure enamel could be pulled cleanly out of the mortar cylinders, whereas the cylinders split when rods coated with reactive enamels containing CS particles were removed. The failure loads of rods coated with reactive enamels increase with concrete aging time, with a maximum load reached up to at least 97 days, whereas the failure loads of uncoated rods decreased slightly after 28 days of curing.


Materials Science and Engineering

Second Department

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Enamel Coating; Steel-mortar Interface; Bond Strength; Curing Age; Mortar; Surface Roughness of Steel Rods

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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© 2012 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Mar 2012