In Vitro Evaluation of Electrospun Gelatin-Bioactive Glass Hybrid Scaffolds for Bone Regeneration


Tonzani, Stefano


Organic-inorganic hybrid materials, composed of phases that interact on a nanoscale and a microstructure that mimics the extracellular matrix, can potentially provide attractive scaffolds for bone regeneration. in the present study, hybrid scaffolds of gelatin and bioactive glass (BG) with a fibrous microstructure were prepared by a combined sol-gel and electrospinning technique and evaluated in vitro. Structural and chemical analyses showed that the fibers consisted of gelatin and BG that were covalently linked by 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane to form a homogeneous phase. Immersion of the gelatin-BG hybrid scaffolds in a simulated body fluid (SBF) at 37°C resulted in the formation of a hydroxyapatite (HA)-like material on the surface of the fibers within 12 h, showing the bioactivity of the scaffolds. after 5 days in SBF, the surface of the hybrid scaffolds was completely covered with an HA-like layer. the gelatin-BG hybrid scaffolds had a tensile strength of 4.3 ± 1.2 MPa and an elongation to failure of 168 ± 14%, compared to values of 0.5 ± 0.2 MPa and 63 ± 2% for gelatin scaffolds with a similar microstructure. the hybrid scaffolds supported the proliferation of osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells, alkaline phosphatase activity, and mineralization during in vitro culture, showing their biocompatibility. the results indicate that these gelatin-BG hybrid scaffolds prepared by a combination of sol-gel processing and electrospinning have potential for application in bone regeneration.


Materials Science and Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Electrospinning; Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Scaffolds; Gelatin; Bioactive Glass; Sol-Gel Aprocessing; Bone Regeneration

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Article - Journal

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© 2013 Wiley-Blackwell, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2013