Investigation of Mechanical Properties of Parts Fabricated with Gas- and Water-Atomized 304L Stainless Steel Powder in the Laser Powder Bed Fusion Process
The use of gas-atomized powder as the feedstock material for the laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) process is common in the additive manufacturing (AM) community. Although gas-atomization produces powder with high sphericity, its relatively expensive production cost is a downside for application in AM processes. Water atomization of powder may overcome this limitation due to its low-cost relative to the gas-atomization process. In this work, gas- and water-atomized 304L stainless steel powders were morphologically characterized through scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The water-atomized powder had a wider particle size distribution and exhibited less sphericity. Measuring powder flowability using the Revolution Powder Analyzer (RPA) indicated that the water-atomized powder had less flowability than the gas-atomized powder. Through examining the mechanical properties of LPBF fabricated parts using tensile tests, the gas-atomized powder had significantly higher yield tensile strength and elongation than the water-atomized powder; however, their ultimate tensile strengths were not significantly different.
M. H. Sehhat et al., "Investigation of Mechanical Properties of Parts Fabricated with Gas- and Water-Atomized 304L Stainless Steel Powder in the Laser Powder Bed Fusion Process," JOM, vol. 74, no. 3, pp. 1088 - 1095, Springer; Minerals, Metals and Materials Society (TMS), Mar 2022.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-021-05029-7
Materials Science and Engineering
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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01 Mar 2022
Aerospace Engineering Commons, Materials Science and Engineering Commons, Mechanical Engineering Commons
U.S. Department of Energy, Grant DE-NA0002839