Chromium and nickel equivalency modeling has long been used in welding to determine the weldability of steel chemistries. A study was conducted to determine the applicability of Cr-Ni modeling to the additive manufacturing process. Many AM methods involve rapid solidification of small melt pools, similar to welding. Chemistries with varying Cr/Ni ratios were selected for use in a selective laser melting process and modeled using known models. Initial results indicate that the standard "safe welding zone" may not directly apply to additive manufacturing. The capability to build with chemistries outside the weldability “safe zone” could result in improved and varied properties for additively manufactured materials.

Meeting Name

28th Annual International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium -- An Additive Manufacturing Conference, SFF 2017 (2017: Aug. 7-9, Austin, TX)


Materials Science and Engineering


This work was funded by Honeywell Federal Manufacturing & Technologies under Contract No. DE-NA0002839 with the U.S. Department of Energy.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version

Final Version

File Type




Publication Date

09 Aug 2017