Investigating the Effects of Grain Boundary Energy Anisotropy and Second-Phase Particles on Grain Growth using a Phase-Field Model


A phase-field model was used to investigate the simultaneous effects of grain boundary energy anisotropy and the presence of second-phase particles on grain growth in polycrystalline materials. The system of grains with anisotropic grain boundary energies was constructed by considering models of low and high misorientation angles between adjacent grains. Systems without particles reached a steady state grain growth rate, and this rate decreased by including the grain boundary energy anisotropy. In addition, the presence of particles significantly altered the microstructures during grain growth. This study showed that for systems including particles, the critical average grain size to stop grain growth depends not only on the volume fraction and size of particles, but also on the grain boundary energy anisotropy.


Materials Science and Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Peaslee Steel Manufacturing Research Center

Keywords and Phrases

Anisotropic grains; Average grain size; Grain-boundary energy; Misorientation angle; Phase-field models; Second phase particles; Steady state; Anisotropy; Grain boundaries; Grain size and shape; Polycrystalline materials; Grain growth

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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© 2011 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jun 2011