"Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) are homemade, non-conventional explosive devices, which are used to destruct and incapacitate individuals and property. IEDs are becoming a popular weapon of attack among terrorists and insurgents due to their easy of making and capability to cause major damage. Hence, is has become necessary to develop efficient systems for detecting and disarming these devices. The Terahertz technology which uses electromagnetic radiations between 0.3 THz to 10 THz for imaging is one of the most recently developed detection techniques and is ideally suitable for detection of IEDs and similar devices. Although a lot of work has been done for developing a standoff detection system for detecting IEDs using Terahertz imaging, it is still needed to develop advanced techniques for processing of the THz data. In this thesis, efficient signal processing techniques are developed for standoff, real time and wide area detection of IEDs. The signal processing algorithm is a two stage algorithm where the first stage is a preprocessing stage. In this stage, THz data from a large field is given to the correlation filters which detect hotspots in the field where an IED could be present. This stage avoids the computational burden of processing data from the entire field in the second stage. In the second stage, THz data from the hotspots of stage one are unmixed to find the individual explosive materials in each data point/pixel. The unmixing is done using a variant of the Independent Component Analysis algorithm which separates only the required component. Once the components are separated, they are analyzed to see if any of them matches an explosive. Thus, the presence of an IED or explosive can be accurately determined within the field"--Abstract, page iii.
Sarangapani, Jagannathan, 1965-
Rao, Vittal S.
Smith, Scott C.
Electrical and Computer Engineering
M.S. in Computer Engineering
University of Missouri--Rolla
xv, 156 pages
© 2007 Amit Bipin Shah, All rights reserved.
Thesis - Open Access
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Adaptive signal processing
Improvised explosive devices -- Detection
Print OCLC #
Electronic OCLC #
Link to Catalog Record
Shah, Amit Bipin, "Terahertz data processing for standoff detection of improvised explosive devices" (2007). Masters Theses. 5139.