Keywords and Phrases
"In light of the continued rise in fossil fuel costs, alternative energy sources, such as solar technology, are increasingly important. Concentrating photovoltaic systems are promising for future efficient and cost effective competition with fossil fuels. A microlens array is employed to a CdTe/CdS semiconducting solar cell to increase efficiency via light trapping. Since the microlens array will cause a local increase in incident light intensity, it should cause a corresponding increase in efficiency. The solar cell is deposited layer by layer. The CdS layer is chemically deposited. The CdTe layer is deposited using a novel additive manufacture technique: laser melting of CdTe powder. A CdCl₂ thermal treatment is implemented following CdTe deposition to compensate for CdTe/CdS lattice mismatch. A microlens array mold is etched out of Foturan glass that has been treated with femtosecond laser exposure. PDMS (polydimethylsiloxane) microlens arrays are cast from this Foturan glass mold to greatly decrease manufacture costs of the microlens array. The use of a glass mold of PDMS casting improves lifetime of mold as compared to conventional approaches. The efficiency without the microlens array is 2.19% and it is 2.26% with the microlens array. Reliability difficulties were observed in electrical characterization as well as a low overall efficiency. It is theorized that these difficulties were caused by the laser melting technique used to fabricate the CdTe layer"--Abstract, page iii.
Xiao, Hai, Dr.
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
M.S. in Mechanical Engineering
Missouri University of Science and Technology. Intelligent Systems Center
Intelligent Systems Center
Missouri University of Science and Technology
viii, 33 pages
© 2012 Patrick Margavio, All rights reserved.
Thesis - Open Access
Print OCLC #
Electronic OCLC #
Margavio, Patrick Michael, "Microlens array light trapping in CdTe/CdS solar cells" (2012). Masters Theses. 4529.