Location

San Diego, California

Session Start Date

5-24-2010

Session End Date

5-29-2010

Abstract

Soil liquefaction following earthquakes leads to excessive damage to a wide variety of structures. Settlement and rotation of structures following liquefaction have been witnessed in many of the recent earthquakes. Investigation of the mechanisms of failure of structure when the foundation soil suffers either partial or full liquefaction is therefore very important. Dynamic centrifuge tests were conducted at Cambridge and elsewhere on different boundary value problems in which liquefaction of soil models was investigated. Excess pore pressure data and the settlement data for the particular structure that is being investigated are recorded during the centrifuge tests. In this paper the centrifuge test results from a range of structures will be considered. The co-seismic and post seismic settlement of structures will be considered separately along with the excess pore pressure recorded generated during the cyclic loading. It will be argued that the co-seismic component of the settlement is much larger than the post-seismic settlement in many of the structures considered. Accordingly a hypothesis that the hydraulic conductivity k of the liquefied soil during the earthquake shaking is much higher than the normal hydraulic conductivity is proposed. A discussion on the micro-mechanical reasons for this increased hydraulic conductivity is presented.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conferences on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics

Meeting Name

Fifth Conference

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

5-24-2010

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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May 24th, 12:00 AM May 29th, 12:00 AM

Liquefaction Induced Settlement of Structures

San Diego, California

Soil liquefaction following earthquakes leads to excessive damage to a wide variety of structures. Settlement and rotation of structures following liquefaction have been witnessed in many of the recent earthquakes. Investigation of the mechanisms of failure of structure when the foundation soil suffers either partial or full liquefaction is therefore very important. Dynamic centrifuge tests were conducted at Cambridge and elsewhere on different boundary value problems in which liquefaction of soil models was investigated. Excess pore pressure data and the settlement data for the particular structure that is being investigated are recorded during the centrifuge tests. In this paper the centrifuge test results from a range of structures will be considered. The co-seismic and post seismic settlement of structures will be considered separately along with the excess pore pressure recorded generated during the cyclic loading. It will be argued that the co-seismic component of the settlement is much larger than the post-seismic settlement in many of the structures considered. Accordingly a hypothesis that the hydraulic conductivity k of the liquefied soil during the earthquake shaking is much higher than the normal hydraulic conductivity is proposed. A discussion on the micro-mechanical reasons for this increased hydraulic conductivity is presented.