Location

San Diego, California

Session Start Date

5-24-2010

Session End Date

5-29-2010

Abstract

Lateral load tests were performed on a full-scale pile cap in untreated clay along with pile groups involving (a) excavation and replacement with sand backfill, (b) a soilcrete wall along the side of the pile group, and (c) a jet grouted zone below the pile cap. The average compressive strength of the soft, plastic clay increased from an average of 50 kPa to an average of about 1000 kPa with soil mixing (10% cement) and to 3000 kPa with jet grouting (20% cement). Excavation and replacement only increased resistance by about 20%; however, the soil mixed wall increased resistance by 60%, and jet grouting increased resistance by 160%. For the soil mixed wall, essentially all of the increased resistance can be explained due to passive pressure and side/base shear against the soil mixed wall. However, for the jet grout treatment, additional resistance can also be attributed to increased structural resistance of the composite soilcrete volume under the cap. Soil mixing and jet grouting provide a means to significantly increase the lateral resistance of existing pile group foundations with relatively little investment of time, effort, and expense relative to the addition of more piles.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conferences on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics

Meeting Name

Fifth Conference

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

5-24-2010

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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May 24th, 12:00 AM May 29th, 12:00 AM

Ground Improvement for Increasing Lateral Pile Group Resistance

San Diego, California

Lateral load tests were performed on a full-scale pile cap in untreated clay along with pile groups involving (a) excavation and replacement with sand backfill, (b) a soilcrete wall along the side of the pile group, and (c) a jet grouted zone below the pile cap. The average compressive strength of the soft, plastic clay increased from an average of 50 kPa to an average of about 1000 kPa with soil mixing (10% cement) and to 3000 kPa with jet grouting (20% cement). Excavation and replacement only increased resistance by about 20%; however, the soil mixed wall increased resistance by 60%, and jet grouting increased resistance by 160%. For the soil mixed wall, essentially all of the increased resistance can be explained due to passive pressure and side/base shear against the soil mixed wall. However, for the jet grout treatment, additional resistance can also be attributed to increased structural resistance of the composite soilcrete volume under the cap. Soil mixing and jet grouting provide a means to significantly increase the lateral resistance of existing pile group foundations with relatively little investment of time, effort, and expense relative to the addition of more piles.