Location

San Diego, California

Session Start Date

5-24-2010

Session End Date

5-29-2010

Abstract

Tieback anchors are widely used for the stabilization of natural and manmade slopes in Japan. The interactions between tieback anchors and slopes under seismic loading need to be understood to develop rational design concepts and installation methods in earthquake prone areas. We conducted centrifuge model tests to examine the characteristics of dynamic and residual loads on tieback anchors installed in slopes subjected to seismic loads. If the model slope contained a saturated zone, circular failure occurred even with pre-tensioned tieback anchors, and the amplitude of the oscillating loads on the tieback anchors was very high. This suggested that excess pore water pressure may cause the design capacity of the anchors to be exceeded, depending on the stability of the slope and intensity of the earthquake. Additional tests were therefore conducted with model slopes with drainage pipes installed (perforated plastic tubes). The drainage pipes significantly reduced pore water pressure, which in turn enhanced the stability of the slope and reduced the loads on the tieback anchors. We conclude that installation of drainage pipes in earthfill slopes would enable the selection of smaller ground anchors and potentially reduce overall construction costs.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conferences on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics

Meeting Name

Fifth Conference

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

5-24-2010

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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May 24th, 12:00 AM May 29th, 12:00 AM

Centrifuge Model Tests of Tieback Anchors and Drainage Pipes for Stabilization of Slopes under Earthquake Loads

San Diego, California

Tieback anchors are widely used for the stabilization of natural and manmade slopes in Japan. The interactions between tieback anchors and slopes under seismic loading need to be understood to develop rational design concepts and installation methods in earthquake prone areas. We conducted centrifuge model tests to examine the characteristics of dynamic and residual loads on tieback anchors installed in slopes subjected to seismic loads. If the model slope contained a saturated zone, circular failure occurred even with pre-tensioned tieback anchors, and the amplitude of the oscillating loads on the tieback anchors was very high. This suggested that excess pore water pressure may cause the design capacity of the anchors to be exceeded, depending on the stability of the slope and intensity of the earthquake. Additional tests were therefore conducted with model slopes with drainage pipes installed (perforated plastic tubes). The drainage pipes significantly reduced pore water pressure, which in turn enhanced the stability of the slope and reduced the loads on the tieback anchors. We conclude that installation of drainage pipes in earthfill slopes would enable the selection of smaller ground anchors and potentially reduce overall construction costs.