Location

San Diego, California

Session Start Date

3-26-2001

Session End Date

3-31-2001

Abstract

This paper presents the prediction of the lateral displacements due to liquefaction in the yards of the Container Terminal at San Pedrito in the Mexican port of Manzanillo during the earthquake of October 9, 1995 (Ms=7.3, Mw=8.0). It describes briefly the results of field and laboratory tests carried out after the earthquake in order to obtain the required parameters to compute lateral displacements using the Newmark model and a modified Newmark block analysis which takes account of dilatant behavior; the models were calibrated with results of centrifuge experiments. Field data and simplified liquefaction analysis showed that the liquefied fill had a thickness of 13 m and a gentle slope of one degree. From the laboratory tests a yielding shear stress of 3.3 kPa was estimated, and from seismic risk analyses the input used for the prediction of the lateral displacements was a sinusoidal wave of twenty two cycles of constants amplitude of 3.25 m/s2 at a frequency of 1.4 Hz. Since in the case of Manzanillo the laboratory results did not show evidence of dilatant behavior, the original Newmark sliding block analysis was used and predicted a lateral displacements of 1.95 m, which is in good agreement with the actual movements (slightly higher than 2 m) observed after the earthquake.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conferences on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics

Meeting Name

Fourth Conference

Publisher

University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

3-26-2001

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2001 University of Missouri--Rolla, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Mar 26th, 12:00 AM Mar 31st, 12:00 AM

Prediction of Lateral Displacements Induced by Liquefaction in the Port of Manzanillo, Mexico During the Earthquake of October 9, 1995

San Diego, California

This paper presents the prediction of the lateral displacements due to liquefaction in the yards of the Container Terminal at San Pedrito in the Mexican port of Manzanillo during the earthquake of October 9, 1995 (Ms=7.3, Mw=8.0). It describes briefly the results of field and laboratory tests carried out after the earthquake in order to obtain the required parameters to compute lateral displacements using the Newmark model and a modified Newmark block analysis which takes account of dilatant behavior; the models were calibrated with results of centrifuge experiments. Field data and simplified liquefaction analysis showed that the liquefied fill had a thickness of 13 m and a gentle slope of one degree. From the laboratory tests a yielding shear stress of 3.3 kPa was estimated, and from seismic risk analyses the input used for the prediction of the lateral displacements was a sinusoidal wave of twenty two cycles of constants amplitude of 3.25 m/s2 at a frequency of 1.4 Hz. Since in the case of Manzanillo the laboratory results did not show evidence of dilatant behavior, the original Newmark sliding block analysis was used and predicted a lateral displacements of 1.95 m, which is in good agreement with the actual movements (slightly higher than 2 m) observed after the earthquake.