The proliferation of Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) technology in the automotive industry has quickly promoted its use in many emerging areas in smart cities and internet-of-things. Compared to other sensors, like cameras and radars, LiDAR provides up to 64 scanning channels, vertical and horizontal field of view, high precision, high detection range, and great performance under poor weather conditions. In this paper, we propose a novel aerial traffic monitoring solution based on Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) technology. By equipping unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) with a LiDAR sensor, we generate 3D point cloud data that can be used for object detection and tracking. Due to the unavailability of LiDAR data from the sky, we propose to use a 3D simulator. Then, we implement Point Voxel-RCNN (PV-RCNN) to perform road user detection (e.g., vehicles and pedestrians). Subsequently, we implement an Unscented Kalman filter, which takes a 3D detected object as input and uses its information to predict the state of the 3D box before the next LiDAR scan gets loaded. Finally, we update the measurement by using the new observation of the point cloud and correct the previous prediction's belief. The simulation results illustrate the performance gain (around 8 %) achieved by our solution compared to other 3D point cloud solutions.


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

deep learning; detection; LiDAR; tracking; Traffic monitoring; UAV

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Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

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Publication Date

01 Jan 2023