Estimating Electromagnetic Emissions from a Site Installation with Multiple Racks of Server Equipment
More than hundreds, sometimes even thousands, of servers operate simultaneously inside a data center. Their radiation can be a problem and cause electromagnetic interference (EMI) issues. However, it is not feasible to perform full-wave 3D simulation of these racks because of the large electrical size of the model. In this paper, an algorithm is proposed to predict the emission from rack arrays. The equivalent dipole source is extracted from EMI measurement data of a single rack and reconstructed as a radiation source in a multiple rack model. The racks in an array can be divided into a few categories and the racks in each category have similar radiation patterns. Thus only one modeling of a representative rack is needed for each category. In order to take rack to rack scattering into consideration, a simplified model for each category is developed and method of moments is used to describe the radiation of representative racks. After the radiation calculations from a representative rack in all the categories are completed, the total radiation from the data center is predicted based on these representative-rack calculations. This method is much faster than the brute-force simulation of the entire data center, and is highly scalable to handle arbitrary number of racks in the data center.
Z. Sun et al., "Estimating Electromagnetic Emissions from a Site Installation with Multiple Racks of Server Equipment," Proceedings of the 2021 Joint IEEE International Symposium on EMC/SI/PI, and EMC Europe (2021, Raleigh, NC), pp. 1058 - 1063, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Aug 2021.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1109/EMC/SI/PI/EMCEurope52599.2021.9559247
2021 IEEE International Joint Electromagnetic Compatibility Signal and Power Integrity and EMC Europe Symposium, EMC/SI/PI/EMC Europe 2021 (2021: Jul. 26-Aug. 13, Raleigh, NC)
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Laboratory
Keywords and Phrases
Data Center; Dipole Reconstruction; Electromagnetic Interference
International Standard Book Number (ISBN)
Article - Conference proceedings
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13 Aug 2021