Small-Signal Modeling of a Three-Phase Isolated Inverter with Both Voltage and Frequency Droop Control


In conventional power system operation, droop control methods are used to facilitate load sharing among different generation sources. This method compensates for both active and reactive power imbalances by adjusting the output voltage magnitude and frequency of the generating unit. Both P-ω and Q-V droops have been used in synchronous machines for decades. Similar droop controllers were used in this study to develop a control algorithm for a three-phase isolated (islanded) inverter. Controllers modeled in a synchronous dq reference frame were simulated in PLECS and validated with the hardware setup. A small-signal model based on an averaged model of the inverter was developed to study the system's dynamics. The accuracy of this mathematical model was then verified using the data obtained from the experimental and simulation results. This validated model is a useful tool for the further dynamic analysis of a microgrid.

Meeting Name

29th Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (2014: Mar. 16-20, Fort Worth, TX)


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Inverters; Mathematical Model; Phase Locked Loops; Voltage Measurement; Equations; Load Modeling; Voltage Control; Distributed Power Generation; Frequency Control; Invertors; Power Generation Control; Reactive Power Control

International Standard Book Number (ISBN)


International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version


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© 2014 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Mar 2014