An improved Jakes' (1994) fading channel simulator was proposed by Pop and Beaulieu (see ibid., vol.49, p.699-708, Apr. 2001) to eliminate the stationarity problem occurring in Jakes' original design. In this paper, second-order statistical properties of the improved Jakes' simulator are analyzed. Consistent with Pop and Beaulieu's caution about high-order statistics of the simulator, it is proved that some second-order statistics of both the quadrature components and the envelope do not match the desired ones even if the number of sinusoids approaches infinity. Therefore, care must be taken when the simulator is employed to evaluate algorithms and systems.


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

WSS Jakes' Fading Channel Simulator; Digital Simulation; Electromagnetic Wave Scattering; Envelope; Fading Channels; Flat Fading Channel; High-Order Statistics; Isotropic Scattering Theory; Land Mobile Radio; Mobile Radio Channel Simulators; Quadrature Components; Radiowave Propagation; Second-Order Statistical Properties; Sinusoids; Statistical Analysis; Wide-Sense Stationary Simulator

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Final Version

File Type





© 2002 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2002