Doctoral Dissertations

Keywords and Phrases

Computational Fluid Dynamics; Extreme Wind; Hurricanes; Numerical Simulation; Simulation; Tornadoes


"Extreme winds impacting civil structures lead to death and destruction in all regions of the world. Specifically, tornadoes and hurricanes impact communities with severe devastation. On average, 1200 tornadoes occur in the United States every year. Tornadoes occur predominantly in the Central and Southeastern United States, accounting for an annual $1 billion in economic losses, 1500 injuries, and 90 deaths. The Joplin, MO Tornado in 2011 killed 161 people, injured more than 1000, destroyed more than 8000 structures, and caused $2.8 billion of property loss. Hurricanes occur predominantly on the United States East coast regions and along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, accounting for $21.2 billion in economic losses and 159 deaths on average each year ($19.4 billion per event). Data has shown that hurricanes have stricken coastal cities more frequently and more intensely. In 2020, 30 named storms formed in the Atlantic Ocean and 13 of them have progressed into hurricanes. The goal of this research is to investigate the true loadings of extreme winds on civil structures in order to design safer buildings and communities. To accomplish this goal, research has been conducted to properly model these winds using physical and numerical simulation (chiefly computational fluid dynamics simulation), investigate the wind characteristics of extreme winds, and determine how these winds impact civil structures (wind effects), which is required to conduct a hazard-resistant design"--Abstract, page iv.


Yan, Guirong Grace

Committee Member(s)

Mendoza, Cesar
Chen, Genda
Sneed, Lesley
Isaac, Kakkattukuzhy M.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Degree Name

Ph. D. in Civil Engineering


The author appreciates the financial support from the National Science Foundation under Award No.’s 1455709 and 1940192, the VORTEX-SE Program under NOAA/OAR Grant No. NA20OAR4590452, and all funding and support from the United States GAANN fellowship program.


Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Summer 2021

Journal article titles appearing in thesis/dissertation

  • A Review of the Characteristics of Tornadic Wind Fields through Observations and Simulations
  • Reveal Tornado-induced Structural Damage based on Reconnaissance Surveys of 2019 Jefferson City, MO Tornado and Previous Notable Tornadoes
  • The Influence of Turbulence Modeling on CFD Simulation Results
  • Comparison of Two Approaches of Simulating the Translation of Tornado-Like Vortex in Laboratory Tornado Simulator
  • Reveal bluff-body aerodynamics on low-rise buildings under tornado-like vortices using “numerical” laboratory tornado simulator
  • High Resolution CFD Simulation of Hurricane Force Wind Simulator on Gable-roofed Structure Elevated via Stilt Construction


xxvi, 266 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographic references.


© 2021 Ryan John Norbo Honerkamp, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

File Type




Thesis Number

T 11916

Electronic OCLC #