Doctoral Dissertations


Shear-driven / gravity-driven thin liquid film in separated flow and turbulence modelling


Hai Lan


"Gravity-driven and shear-driven thin liquid film flows are studied through numerical simulation and experimental measurements. The two types of film flows are often encountered in engineering applications, especially for the port-fuel-injection engine in a cold-start period. The better understanding of the dynamics of the films is helpful for reducing emission and improving efficiency. Parametric studies were conducted through 3-D numerical simulations for the two types of film flows in straight ducts. The numerical results are presented to show the effect of film mass flow rate, surface tension, gas phase velocity and gravity force on film thickness, film width and film velocity. The numerical results compare favorably with measurements"--Abstract, page iv.


Drallmeier, J. A.
Armaly, B. F. (Bassem F.)

Committee Member(s)

Isaac, Kakkattukuzhy M.
Hale, Barbara N.
Homan, Kelly


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Degree Name

Ph. D. in Mechanical Engineering


National Science Foundation (U.S.)
United States. Department of Energy


Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Fall 2008

Journal article titles appearing in thesis/dissertation

  • Simulation and measurement of 3-D shear-driven thin liquid film flow in a duct
  • Simulations and measurements of 3-D gravity-driven liquid film flow
  • Simulation of gravity-driven and shear-driven thin liquid films at the sharp edge of a suddenly expanding geometry
  • Turbulent forced convection in a plane asymmetric diffuser - effect of diffuser angle
  • Three-dimensional simulation of turbulent forced convection in a duct with backward-facing step


xiii, 246 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographical references.


© 2008 Hai Lan, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Citation

File Type




Subject Headings

Fluid dynamics
Liquid films -- Mathematical models
Shear flow -- Simulation methods
Turbulence -- Simulation methods

Thesis Number

T 9471

Print OCLC #


Link to Catalog Record

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