BioSmartSense: A Bio-Inspired Data Collection Framework for Energy-Efficient, QoI-Aware Smart City Applications


Recent years have seen a proliferation of intelligent (automated) decision support systems for various smart city applications such as energy management, transportation, healthcare, environment monitoring, and so on. A key enabler in the smart city paradigm is the Internet-of-Things (IoT) network of smart sensing and actuation devices assisting in real-time detection and monitoring of physical phenomena. The underlying IoT network must be energy-efficient for application sustainability and also quality of information (QoI)-aware for near-perfect device actuation. To this end, this paper proposes bioSmartSense, a novel bio-inspired distributed event sensing and data collection framework, based on the gene regulatory networks (GRNs) in living organisms. The idea is to make the sensing and reporting tasks energy-efficient through self-modulation of IoT device energy levels, analogous to the activation or repression of genes by the regulating proteins, called Transcription Factors (TFs). To support energy-efficient and QoI-aware information dissemination, we first customize a heuristic designed for the Maximum Weighted Independent Set problem encompassing both 'quality' and 'quantity' of sensed data, where the former depends on the device energy levels while the latter on the number of events sensed. We utilize the heuristic to propose a sub-optimal device selection mechanism constrained on the IoT network's overall residual energy. Simulation experiments demonstrate that the bioSmartSense framework achieves better energy-efficiency while maximizing event reporting compared to a state-of-the-art data collection approach for smart city applications.

Meeting Name

2019 IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications Workshops, PerCom Workshops 2019 (2019: Mar. 11-15, Kyoto, Japan)


Computer Science

Research Center/Lab(s)

Intelligent Systems Center

Second Research Center/Lab

Center for High Performance Computing Research


This work is supported by NSF grants under award numbers CNS-1818942, CCF-1725755, CNS-1545037, CNS-1545050.

Keywords and Phrases

Energy-efficiency; Gene Regulatory Networks; Quality of Information; Smart city applications

International Standard Book Number (ISBN)


Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version


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© 2019 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Mar 2019