Exploring Parallelism And Desynchronization Of TCP Over High Speed Networks With Tiny Buffers


The buffer sizing problem is a big challenge for high speed network routers to reduce buffer cost without throughput loss. The past few years have witnessed debate on how to improve link utilization of high speed networks where the router buffer size is idealized into dozens of packets. Theoretically, the buffer size can be shrunk by more than 100 times. Under this scenario, widely argued proposals for TCP traffic to achieve acceptable link capacities mandate three necessary conditions: over-provisioned core link bandwidth, non-bursty flows, and tens of thousands of asynchronous flows. However, in high speed networks where these conditions are insufficient, TCP traffic suffers severely from routers with tiny buffers. To explore better performance, we propose a new congestion control algorithm called Desynchronized Multi-Channel TCP (DMCTCP) that creates a flow with parallel channels. These channels can desynchronize each other to avoid TCP loss synchronization, and they can avoid traffic penalties from burst losses. Over a 10 Gb/s large delay network ruled by tiny buffer routers, our emulation results show that bottleneck link utilization can reach over 80% with much fewer number of flows. Compared with other TCP congestion control variants, DMCTCP can also achieve much better performance in high loss rate networks. Facing the buffer sizing challenge, our study is a new step towards the deployment of optical packet switching networks.


Computer Science


National Science Foundation, Grant 1341008

Keywords and Phrases

High speed networks; TCP congestion control; TCP synchronization; Tiny buffer at routers

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1873-703X; 0140-3664

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





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Publication Date

15 Sep 2015