Smart spaces system equipped with sensors to collect data that can be used to generate insights about its environmental conditions. Those collected data is then transmitted to the applications to enhance the comfort, quality of life, and security of the space. Long Range (LoRa) technology provides long distance coverage and consumes low energy which makes it suitable for smart space application. There are six virtual channels to transmit data in LoRa, however network faces the interference problem when nodes transmitted data at the same time. The interference problem makes LoRa less suitable for time-critical applications. To mitigate the interference problem, a spreading factor should be allocated in an optimal way. This paper assigns the spreading factor to the LN using Rate-Monotonic scheduler to ensures data transmission within deadline with minimum energy consumption. To quantify delay in receiving the information, we use the 'Age of Information' metric. The proposed approach is validated using Network Simulator-3 and results show that it effectively reduces delay and energy and prolongs the network utility.


Computer Science

Keywords and Phrases

Age of information; internet of things; long range communication; scheduling

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International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

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Publication Date

01 Jan 2023