Error-Controlled Lossy Compression Optimized for High Compression Ratios of Scientific Datasets


Today's scientific simulations require a significant reduction of the data size because of extremely large volumes of data they produce and the limitation of storage bandwidth and space. If the compression is set to reach a high compression ratio, however, the reconstructed data are often distorted too much to tolerate. In this paper, we explore a new compression strategy that can effectively control the data distortion when significantly reducing the data size. The contribution is threefold. (1) We propose an adaptive compression framework to select either our improved Lorenzo prediction method or our optimized linear regression method dynamically in different regions of the dataset. (2) We explore how to select them accurately based on the data features in each block to obtain the best compression quality. (3) We analyze the effectiveness of our solution in details using four real-world scientific datasets with 100+ fields. Evaluation results confirm that our new adaptive solution can significantly improve the rate distortion for the lossy compression with fairly high compression ratios. The compression ratio of our compressor is 1.5X~8X as high as that of two other leading lossy compressors (SZ and ZFP) with the same peak single-to-noise ratio (PSNR), in the high-compression cases. Parallel experiments with 8,192 cores and 24 TB of data shows that our solution obtains 1.86X dumping performance and 1.95X loading performance compared with the second-best lossy compressor, respectively.

Meeting Name

2018 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2018 (2018: Dec. 10-13, Seattle, WA)


Computer Science


This research was supported by the Exascale Computing Project (ECP), Project Number: 17-SC-20-SC. This research is also supported by NSF Award No. 1513201.

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Article - Conference proceedings

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Publication Date

22 Jan 2019