Post-earthquake Regional Structural Damage Evaluation Based On Artificial Neural Networks Considering Variant Structural Properties


The application of artificial neural networks (ANN) to regional seismic damage evaluation is still challenging due to variant structural properties and high computing requirements. This study aims to develop an ANN-based approach of regional seismic damage evaluation and investigate the ANN performance when structural properties like the fundamental period T and ductility factor μ change. By utilizing the Single-Degree-of-Freedom (SDOF) structures, ANN seismic classifiers, whose inputs are multiple intensity measures (IMs) and outputs are damage states, are trained for a structure portfolio with T from 0.3 to 3 s and μ from 1.5 to 6. The importance ranking of the multiple input IMs for classification indicates that the most important IMs for the correct classification of damage states vary when the structural properties change. Acceleration-related IMs play the most important role for short-period structures (e.g., less than 0.5 s), velocity-related IMs are most important for intermediate structures (e.g., 0.5 to 2.0 s), and displacement-related IMs are most important for long-period structures (e.g., larger than 2.0 s). This importance variation of IMs validates the necessity and advantage of ANN seismic classifiers with multiple IMs as input for the regional seismic damage evaluation. Further comparison of two different damage indices shows that the ANN performance will not be compromised by changing the damage index. Overall, the classification accuracy higher than 92% on the structure portfolio shows that the ANN-based regional seismic damage evaluation could be a robust and accurate approach with some limitations to be addressed in future studies.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Second Department

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering


U.S. Department of Transportation, Grant 00059709

Keywords and Phrases

Artificial neural networks; Earthquake; Intensity measures; Regional seismic damage evaluation; Structural properties

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2023 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jun 2023