Improving the performance of cathodes by using surface coatings has proven to be an effective method for improving the stability of Li-ion batteries (LIBs), while a high quality film satisfying all requirements of electrochemical inertia, chemical stability, and lithium ion conductivity has not been found. A composite film composed of AI2O3 and AIF3 layers was coated on the surface of Li-rich NMC based electrodes by atomic layer deposition (ALD). The electrochemical characterization results indicated that the coating with 1 cycle of AIF3 ALD on 5 cycles of AI2O3 ALD (1 A1 F3-5AI2O3) significantly improved the cycling stability and alleviated the voltage attenuation problem of Li-rich NMC based electrodes by suppressing side reactions between the electrolyte and electrode, as well as inhibiting the transformation of layered Li2MnO3 into a spinel-like phase.
X. Liang and H. Yu, "Fluorination of Al₂O₃ Coating for Lithium-Ion Battery,", Jan 2021.
Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
Patent Application Number
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21 Jan 2021