Characterization of Synthetic‐Coal Char Particles using Fractal Dimension Analysis


The Development and Change of Surface Ruggedness in Chars Was Studied at Conditions Typical in a Pulverized Coal Furnace. the Fractal Dimension, a Measure of Surface Ruggedness, of Chars Was Measured using Physisorption Techniques. by Adjusting the Temperature Encountered (1173 to 1773 K) and Residence Time (0.1 to 1.5 S) of the Synthetic Coal (Sized to 46–106 Μm Diameter), Chars at Different Stages of Combustion Were Prepared in a Laminar Flow (Drop‐tube) Furnace. the Particles Were Quickly Cooled and Quenched in an Inert Atmosphere. the Samples Were Examined using a Scanning Electron Microprobe, and their Fractal Dimensions Were Determined using Gas Physisorption. the Adsorption Data Were Used to Test If the Char Surface Was Fractal on a Molecular Scale, to Determine the Fractal Dimension, and to Quantify Changes in the Fractal Dimension during Combustion. the Fractal Dimension of the Unburned Synthetic Coal Was Approximately 2. the Fractal Dimension Increased as High as 2.85 as the Carbon Matrix Burned Away and Exposed Mineral Moieties. However, as Combustion Continued the Carbon Burned Completely Away Leaving a Mineral Fly Ash Particle with a Fractal Dimension as Low as 2.47. Copyright © 1993 Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim


Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1521-4117; 0934-0866

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2023 Wiley, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 1993