The suitability of Glass Ionomer Cements (GICs) for use in orthopaedics is retarded by the presence in the glass phase of aluminium, a neurotoxin. Unfortunately, the aluminium ion plays an integral role in the setting process of a GIC and its absence is likely to hinder cement formation. However, zinc oxide, a bacteriocide, can act both as a network modifying oxide and an intermediate oxide in a similar fashion to alumina and so ternary systems based on zinc silicates often have extensive regions of glass formation. The purpose of this research was to produce novel GICs based on calcium zinc silicate glasses and to evaluate their rheological, mechanical and biocompatible properties with the ultimate objective of developing a new range of cements for skeletal applications. The work reported shows that GICs based on two different glasses, A and B (0.05CaO · 0.53ZnO · 0.42SiO2 and 0.14CaO · 0.29ZnO · 0.57SiO2, respectively), exhibited handling properties and flexural strengths comparable to conventional GICs. Upon immersion in simulated body fluid of a GIC based on glass B, an amorphous calcium phosphate layer nucleated on the surface of the cement indicating that these cements are bioactive in nature. © 2005 Springer Science + Business Media, Inc.
D. Boyd and M. R. Towler, "The Processing, Mechanical Properties and Bioactivity of Zinc based Glass Ionomer Cements," Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 843 - 850, Springer, Sep 2005.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1007/s10856-005-3578-1
Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
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01 Sep 2005