Location

New York, New York

Session Start Date

4-13-2004

Session End Date

4-17-2004

Abstract

Owing to the proximity to seismically active faults as well as the population density in the band of Israel Seacoast between the towns of Ashqelon and Haifa, this region may be considered a high seismic risk zone. For quantitative assessment of seismic response in terms of horizontal-to-vertical (H/V) spectral ratios the ambient noise survey was carried out at 190 sites. Results derived from H/V analysis indicate site amplifications ranging from 1 to 8 within the frequency band 1.0-6.0 Hz. The soil profiles at the investigated sites were very different. Some sites have simple profiles in the uppermost surface layer and clear seismic impedance between the soft soil layer and the bedrock. Other sites had complicated surface soil layers and a less distinct contrast between the surface soil and underlying bedrock. In many cases our attempts to estimate depth to the hardrock reflector from borehole data failed. Only when the distribution maps of the predominant frequency and the distribution of maximum amplification were constructed was the strong correlation between geological features and measurement results revealed. The observed resonance frequencies and their amplifications were correlated with analytical functions that correspond to the 1-D subsurface model. Collection of available geological, geotechnical and geophysical data relevant to local geology and combination of the theoretical and experimental response functions provided reliable estimations of analytical site effects.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering

Meeting Name

Fifth Conference

Publisher

University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

4-13-2004

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2004 University of Missouri--Rolla, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Apr 13th, 12:00 AM Apr 17th, 12:00 AM

Estimation of Site Effects in the Israel Seacoast Area by Ambient Noise Records for Microzonation

New York, New York

Owing to the proximity to seismically active faults as well as the population density in the band of Israel Seacoast between the towns of Ashqelon and Haifa, this region may be considered a high seismic risk zone. For quantitative assessment of seismic response in terms of horizontal-to-vertical (H/V) spectral ratios the ambient noise survey was carried out at 190 sites. Results derived from H/V analysis indicate site amplifications ranging from 1 to 8 within the frequency band 1.0-6.0 Hz. The soil profiles at the investigated sites were very different. Some sites have simple profiles in the uppermost surface layer and clear seismic impedance between the soft soil layer and the bedrock. Other sites had complicated surface soil layers and a less distinct contrast between the surface soil and underlying bedrock. In many cases our attempts to estimate depth to the hardrock reflector from borehole data failed. Only when the distribution maps of the predominant frequency and the distribution of maximum amplification were constructed was the strong correlation between geological features and measurement results revealed. The observed resonance frequencies and their amplifications were correlated with analytical functions that correspond to the 1-D subsurface model. Collection of available geological, geotechnical and geophysical data relevant to local geology and combination of the theoretical and experimental response functions provided reliable estimations of analytical site effects.