This paper explains the chip design of a flood prediction system based on piezoelectric pressure sensors, and its FPGA prototyping. The sensors are placed at different water levels and can dependably predict the occurrence of a flood. The main criteria considered in design of the system are low cost, low power consumption, ease of installation, autonomy, reliability, and most importantly, provision of early alerts. Predicting the flood before its actual occurrence can buy sufficient time for residents to evacuate nearby areas, preventing loss of life and property. The design has been prototyped on Altera's Cyclone DE2 FPGA board.
S. Gandla et al., "Design and FPGA Prototyping of a Flood Prediction System," Proceedings of the IEEE Region 5 Conference (2008, Kansas City, MO), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Apr 2008.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPSD.2008.4562765
IEEE Region 5 Conference (2008: Apr. 17-20, Kansas City, MO)
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
VHDL; Flood Protection; Piezoelectric Pressure Sensors; Wireless Sensor; Field Programmable Gate Arrays; Prototypes; Floods; Power System Reliability; Base Stations; Batteries; Sensor Systems; Circuits; Energy Consumption; Electromagnetic Radiation; Wireless Sensor Networks; Alarm Systems; Piezoelectric Devices; Prediction Theory; Pressure Sensors
International Standard Book Number (ISBN)
Article - Conference proceedings
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