Various quaternary CuInxGa1-xS2 (0≤x≤1) chalcopyrite nanoparticles have been prepared from molecular single-source precursors via microwave decomposition. We were able to control the nanoparticle size, phase, stoichiometry, and solubility. Depending on the choice of surface modifiers used, we were able to tune the solubility of the resulting nanoparticles. This method has been used to generate up to 5g of nanoparticles and up to 150g from multiple batch reactions with excellent reproducibility. Data from UV-Vis, photoluminescence, X-ray diffraction, TEM, DSC/TGA-MS, and ICP-OES analyses have shown high reproducibility in nanoparticle size, composition, and bandgap.
C. Sun et al., "A Large-scale Synthesis and Characterization of Quaternary CuInₓGa₁₋ₓS₂ Chalcopyrite Nanoparticles via Microwave Batch Reactions," International Journal of Chemical Engineering, vol. 2011, Hindawi Publishing Corporation, Aug 2011.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1155/2011/545234
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