We consider the resummation of the perturbation series describing the energy displacement of a hydrogenic bound state in an electric field (known as the Stark effect or the LoSurdo-Stark effect), which constitutes a divergent formal power series in the electric-field strength. The perturbation series exhibits a rich singularity structure in the Borel plane. Resummation methods are presented that appear to lead to consistent results even in problematic cases where isolated singularities or branch cuts are present on the positive and negative real axis in the Borel plane. Two resummation prescriptions are compared: (i) a variant of the Borel-Pad'e resummation method, with an additional improvement due to utilization of the leading renormalon poles, and (ii) a contour-improved combination of the Borel method with an analytic continuation by conformal mapping, and Pad'e approximations in the conformal variable. The singularity structure in the case of the LoSurdo-Stark effect in the complex Borel plane is shown to be similar to (divergent) perturbative expansions in quantum chromodynamics.



Keywords and Phrases

Approximation Theory; Conformal Mapping; Electric Field Effects; Electron Energy Levels; Hydrogen; Integration; Mathematical Transformations; Numerical Analysis; Perturbation Techniques; Borel-Pade Resummation Method; Quantum Chromodynamics; Stark Effect; Quantum Theory

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Article - Journal

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Final Version

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© 2001 American Institute of Physics (AIP), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jul 2001

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Physics Commons