This paper discusses particulate concentration and size distribution data gathered using the University of Missouri-Rolla Mobile Aerosol Sampling System (UMR-MASS), and used to investigate the southern extent of the eastern end of the North Atlantic Flight Corridor (NAFC) during project Pollution From Aircraft Emissions in the North Atlantic Flight Corridor/Subsonic Assessment (SASS) Ozone and Nitrogen Oxide Experiment (POLINAT 2/SONEX) from September 19 to October 23, 1997. The analysis presented in this paper focuses on "the corridor effect," or enhancement of pollutants by jet aircraft combustion events. To investigate the phenomena, both vertical and horizontal profiles of the corridor, and regions immediately adjacent to the corridor, were performed. The profiles showed a time-dependent enhancement of particulates within the corridor, and a nonvolatile (with respect to thermal volatilization at 300° C) aerosol enhancement at corridor altitudes by a factor of 3.6. The southern extent of the North Atlantic Flight Corridor was established from a four flight average of the particulate data and yielded a boundary near 42.5° N during the study period. A size distribution analysis of the nonvolatile particulates revealed an enhancement in the <40 nm particulates for size distributions recorded within the flight corridor.
J. D. Paladino et al., "Observations of Particulates within the North Atlantic Flight Corridor: POLINAT 2, September-October 1997," Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 105, no. D3, pp. 3719-3726, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Feb 2000.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1029/1999JD901071
Keywords and Phrases
Aerosol; Particulate Matter; Size Distribution; Atlantic Ocean
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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