The Nonequilibrium Dynamics Following A Quench Of Strongly Repulsive Bosonic Ensembles In One-Dimensional Finite Lattices Is Investigated By Employing Interaction Quenches And/or A Ramp Of The Lattice Potential. Both Sudden And Time-Dependent Quenches Are Analyzed In Detail. For The Case Of Interaction Quenches We Address The Transition From The Strong Repulsive To The Weakly Interacting Regime, Suppressing In This Manner The Heating Of The System. The Excitation Modes Such As The Cradle Process And The Local Breathing Mode Are Examined Via Local Density Observables. In Particular, The Cradle Mode Is Inherently Related To The Initial Delocalization And, Following A Negative Interaction Quench, Can Be Excited Only For Incommensurate Setups With Filling Larger Than Unity. Alternatively, A Negative Quench Of The Lattice Depth Which Favors The Spatial Delocalization Is Used To Access The Cradle Mode For Setups With Filling Smaller Than Unity. Our Results Shed Light On Possible Schemes To Control The Cradle And The Breathing Modes. Finally, Employing The Notion Of Fidelity We Study The Dynamical Response Of The System After A Diabatic Or Adiabatic Parameter Modulation For Short And Long Evolution Times. The Evolution Of The System Is Obtained Numerically Using The Ab Initio Multilayer Multiconfiguration Time-Dependent Hartree Method For Bosons, Which Permits Us To Follow Nonequilibrium Dynamics Including The Corresponding Investigation Of Higher-Band Effects.



International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1094-1622; 1050-2947

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2024 American Physical Society, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

10 Mar 2015

Included in

Physics Commons