Auger electron spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were used to study nickel carbide (Ni3C) formed during the evaporation of nickel onto the surface of single-crystal graphite. It is shown that Ni3C formed in this manner extends from the surface to close to the interface. A model is proposed to explain the mechanism of Ni3C formation. The 1s photoelectron peak from Ni3C is observed to have a binding energy 0.6 eV lower than that of pure graphite. This is attributed to the lack of any significant ionic bonding in Ni3C. © 1978.
S. Sinharoy and L. L. Levenson, "The Formation And Decomposition Of Nickel Carbide In Evaporated Nickel Films On Graphite," Thin Solid Films, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 31 - 36, Elsevier, Aug 1978.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6090(78)90367-X
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15 Aug 1978