High purity MnBi low temperature phase has been prepared and analyzed using magnetic measurements and neutron diffraction. The low-temperature phase of the MnBi alloy has a coercivity μ0iHc of 2.0 T at 400 K, and exhibits a positive temperature coefficient from 0 to at least 400 K. The neutron data refinement indicated that the Mn atom changes its spin direction from c axis above room temperature to nearly perpendicular to the c axis at 50 K. A canted magnetic structure has been observed below 200 K. The anisotropy field increases with increasing temperature which gives rise to a high coercivity at the higher temperatures. The anisotropic bonded magnets have maximum energy products (BH)max of 7.7 and 4.6 MGOe at room temperature and 400 K, respectively.
J. Yang et al., "Structure and Magnetic Properties of the MnBi Low Temperature Phase," Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 91, no. 10, pp. 7866-7868, American Institute of Physics (AIP), May 2002.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1451306
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
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© 2002 American Institute of Physics (AIP), All rights reserved.
15 May 2002