Experimental data are presented for low-energy singly charged ion transport between two insulating parallel plates. Using a beam intensity of approximately 20 pA, measurements of the incoming and transmitted beams provide quantitative temporal information about the charge deposited on the plates and the guiding probability. Using a smaller beam intensity (~ 1 pA) plate charging and discharging properties were studied as a function of time. These data imply that both the charge deposition and decay along the surface and through the bulk need to be modeled as acting independently. A further reduction of beam intensity to ~ 25 fA allowed temporal imaging studies of the positions and intensities of the guided beam plus two bypass beams to be performed. SIMION software was used to simulate trajectories of the guided and bypass beams, to provide information about the amount and location of deposited charge and, as a function of charge patch voltage, the probability of beam guiding and how much the bypass beams are deflected plus to provide information about the electric fields. An equivalent electric circuit model of the parallel plates, used to associate the deposited charge with the patch voltage implies that the deposited charge is distributed primarily on the inner surface of the plates, transverse to the beam direction, rather than being distributed throughout the entire plate.




This work was supported by the Hungarian National Research, Development and Innovation Office (NKFIH) Grant No. KH126886 and by the Bilateral relationships between France and Hungary in Science and Technology (S&T) under the project number 2017-2.2.5-TÉT-FR-2017-00008. This work was also supported by PICS N° 245 358 Hongrie 2018 founding and by Hubert Curien (PHC) Balaton 2018 program, project numbers 40301VK and NKM-116/2018.
Open access funding provided by ELKH Institute for Nuclear Research.

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Final Version

File Type





© 2022 The Authors, All rights reserved.

Creative Commons Licensing

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Publication Date

07 Mar 2022

PubMed ID


Included in

Physics Commons