Building-Block Approach to the Discovery of Na₈Mn₂(Ge₂Se₆)₂: A Polar Chalcogenide Exhibiting Promising Harmonic Generation Signals with a High Laser-Induced Damage Threshold
A new polar quaternary chalcogenide, Na8Mn2(Ge2Se6)2, has been synthesized using the building-block approach by reacting preformed Na6Ge2Se6 and MnCl2 at 750 °C. The structure consists of layers of [Na(1)Mn(Ge2Se6)]3- stacked perpendicular to the c-axis and sodium ions occupying the interlayer space. An indirect bandgap of 1.52 eV has been calculated using density functional theory, which is expectedly underestimated compared to the observed optical bandgap of 1.95 eV derived from diffuse reflectance spectroscopic measurements in the UV/Vis/NIR region. Magnetic measurements confirm the paramagnetic nature of Na8Mn2(Ge2Se6)2 with an experimental magnetic moment of 5.8 μB in good agreement with the theoretical spin only moment of 5.92 μB for high spin Mn2+. Na8Mn2(Ge2Se6)2 exhibits a potentially wide region of transparency in the measured range of 2.5-25 µm. Na8Mn2(Ge2Se6)2 shows a modest second-harmonic generation (SHG) response but with a high laser-induced damage threshold (LIDT) of ~9x AgGaSe2. Third harmonic generation (THG) measurements indicate that Na8Mn2(Ge2Se6)2 displays a high THG coefficient (1.9 x AgGaSe2) at λ = 1800 nm.
S. Balijapelly et al., "Building-Block Approach to the Discovery of Na₈Mn₂(Ge₂Se₆)₂: A Polar Chalcogenide Exhibiting Promising Harmonic Generation Signals with a High Laser-Induced Damage Threshold," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 900, article no. 163392, Elsevier, Apr 2022.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2021.163392
Keywords and Phrases
Chalcogenides; High LIDT; NLO; Polar crystal; SHG; THG
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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15 Apr 2022
National Science Foundation, Grant DMR- 1809128