Universal Doping Evolution of the Superconducting Gap Anisotropy in Single Crystals of Electron-Doped Ba(Fe₁₋ₓRhₓ)₂As₂ from London Penetration Depth Measurements


Doping evolution of the superconducting gap anisotropy was studied in single crystals of 4d-electron doped Ba(Fe1-xRhx)2As2 using tunnel diode resonator measurements of the temperature variation of the London penetration depth . Single crystals with doping levels representative of an underdoped regime x = 0.039 ( K), close to optimal doping x = 0.057 ( K) and overdoped x = 0.079 ( K) and x = 0.131( K) were studied. Superconducting energy gap anisotropy was characterized by the exponent, n, by fitting the data to the power-law, . The exponent n varies non-monotonically with x, increasing to a maximum n = 2.5 for x = 0.079 and rapidly decreasing towards overdoped compositions to 1.6 for x = 0.131. This behavior is qualitatively similar to the doping evolution of the superconducting gap anisotropy in other iron pnictides, including hole-doped (Ba,K)Fe2As2 and 3d-electron-doped Ba(Fe,Co)2As2 superconductors, finding a full gap near optimal doping and strong anisotropy toward the ends of the superconducting dome in the T-x phase diagram. The normalized superfluid density in an optimally Rh-doped sample is almost identical to the temperature-dependence in the optimally doped Ba(Fe,Co)2As2 samples. Our study supports the universal superconducting gap variation with doping and pairing at least in iron based superconductors of the BaFe2As2 family.




U.S. Department of Energy, Grant DE-AC02-07CH11358

Keywords and Phrases

Fe-Based Superconductivity; London Penetration Depth; Superconductivity; Superfluid Density

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1361-648X; 0953-8984

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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© 2018 IOP Publishing, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

08 May 2018

PubMed ID