The thermal conductivity κ of the iron-arsenide superconductor Ba1-xKxFe2As2 was measured for heat currents parallel and perpendicular to the tetragonal c axis at temperatures down to 50 mK and in magnetic fields up to 15 T. Measurements were performed on samples with compositions ranging from optimal doping (x = 0.34, Tc = 39 K) down to dopings deep into the region where antiferromagnetic order coexists with superconductivity (x = 0.16, Tc = 7 K). In zero field, there is no residual linear term in κ(T) as T→0 at any doping, whether for in-plane or interplane transport. This shows that there are no nodes in the superconducting gap. However, as x decreases into the range of coexistence with antiferromagnetism, the residual linear term grows more and more rapidly with applied magnetic field. This shows that the superconducting energy gap develops minima at certain locations on the Fermi surface and these minima deepen with decreasing x. We propose that the minima in the gap structure arise when the Fermi surface of Ba1-xKxFe2As2 is reconstructed by the antiferromagnetic order.




Basic Energy Sciences, Grant 2011CBA00100

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

2469-9969; 2469-9950

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Final Version

File Type





© 2016 American Physical Society (APS), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

30 Jun 2016

Included in

Physics Commons