Detecting and Reconstructing Gravitational Waves from the Next Galactic Core-Collapse Supernova in the Advanced Detector Era
We performed a detailed analysis of the detectability of a wide range of gravitational waves derived from core-collapse supernova simulations using gravitational-wave detector noise scaled to the sensitivity of the upcoming fourth and fifth observing runs of the Advanced LIGO, Advanced Virgo, and KAGRA. We use the coherent WaveBurst algorithm, which was used in the previous observing runs to search for gravitational waves from core-collapse supernovae. As coherent WaveBurst makes minimal assumptions on the morphology of a gravitational-wave signal, it can play an important role in the first detection of gravitational waves from an event in the Milky Way. We predict that signals from neutrino-driven explosions could be detected up to an average distance of 10 kpc, and distances of over 100 kpc can be reached for explosions of rapidly-rotating progenitor stars. An estimated minimum signal-to-noise ratio of 10-25 is needed for the signals to be detected. We quantify the accuracy of the waveforms reconstructed with coherent WaveBurst and we determine that the most challenging signals to reconstruct are those produced in long-duration neutrino-driven explosions, and models that form black holes a few seconds after the core bounce.
M. J. Szczepańczyk et al., "Detecting and Reconstructing Gravitational Waves from the Next Galactic Core-Collapse Supernova in the Advanced Detector Era," Physical Review D, vol. 104, no. 10, article no. 102002, American Physical Society (APS), Nov 2021.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.104.102002
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11 Nov 2021