Probability Density of Fractional Brownian Motion and the Fractional Langevin Equation with Absorbing Walls
Fractional Brownian motion and the fractional Langevin equation are models of anomalous diffusion processes characterized by long-range power-law correlations in time. We employ large-scale computer simulations to study these models in two geometries, (i) the spreading of particles on a semi-infinite domain with an absorbing wall at one end and (ii) the stationary state on a finite interval with absorbing boundaries at both ends and a source in the center. We demonstrate that the probability density and other properties of the fractional Langevin equation can be mapped onto the corresponding quantities of fractional Brownian motion driven by the same noise if the anomalous diffusion exponent α is replaced by 2 - α. In contrast, the properties of fractional Brownian motion and the fractional Langevin equation with reflecting boundaries were recently shown to differ from each other qualitatively. Specifically, we find that the probability density close to an absorbing wall behaves as P(x) ∼ xκ with the distance x from the wall in the long-time limit. In the case of fractional Brownian motion, κ varies with the anomalous diffusion exponent α as κ = 2/α - 1, as was conjectured previously. We also compare our simulation results to a perturbative analytical approach to fractional Brownian motion.
T. Vojta and A. Warhover, "Probability Density of Fractional Brownian Motion and the Fractional Langevin Equation with Absorbing Walls," Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment, vol. 2021, no. 3, IOP Publishing, Mar 2021.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-5468/abe700
Center for High Performance Computing Research
Keywords and Phrases
Brownian motion; diffusion; stochastic processes
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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01 Mar 2021